Many fertility drugs are available to treat most conditions causing female infertility. Unfortunately, there are few effective medications to treat male infertility. However, new assisted reproductive technologies such as IVF with ICSI enable most men to father children.
A brief description of the common fertility drugs appears below, Their mechanisms of action, the diseases treated, and potential side effects are discussed on the pages linked at the bottom of the page.
Clomid and FSH
Fertility drugs such as Clomid and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), work to enable, regulate, or enhance ovulation. FSH stimulates the ovaries directly while Clomid works indirectly at the hypothalamus.
Progesterone is administered to support endometrial development. It is always used in IVF cycles because drugs used to control ovarian stimulation and ovulation (Lupron/Antagon/Cetrotide) interfere with progesterone production.
Lupron, Cetrotide, Antagon
Lupron®, Cetrotide®, and Ganirelix® are used in IVF cycles to allow the infertility specialist to control follicular development and prevent ovulation from occurring before egg retrieval.
Metformin is used to treat PCOS patients who typically have elevated insulin levels. Elevated insulin levels can lead to the overproduction of androgens causing ovulatory irregularities, and other conditions, seen in PCOS patients.
Letrozole is used in women who have irregular or no ovulation. It produces the same effect as Clomid without some of the side effects, such as thickened cervical mucous.
hCG is used to cause ovulation in cycles where Lupron, Ganirelix, or Cetrotide are used or when ovulation does not occur naturally.
Luveris is luteinizing hormone (LH) derived using recombinant genetic manufacturing technologies. This drug is currently indicated in women who have severe LH deficiencies. Some infertility specialists use Luveris to trigger ovulation.
Parlodel (Bromocriptine), Dostinex (Cabergoline)
Prolactin is the hormone responsible for stimulating the production of milk in pregnant women. High levels in women who aren't pregnancy causes ovulatory problems.. Parlodel and Dostinex lower prolactin levels causing normal ovulation.
Compassionate Care Program Offers Discounts on Serono Medications for Qualified Patients
EMD Serono Compassionate Care Program offers qualified patients discounts on fertility medications.