IVF Brief Overview
IVF Clinic, Salt Lake City, UT
In vitro fertilization has enabled thousands of couples to have children. IVF is routinely used in appropriate couples by fertility clinics throughout the world. IVF success rates have increased markedly over the last several years and can be reviewed at the SART Web site. RCC has consistently produced IVF success rates above the national averages with fewer IVF cycle cancellations.
Our Website covers every aspect of IVF in great detail on the pages linked above. A basic overview is provided here.
In IVF, the eggs are fertilized outside of the body or in a petri dish. Numerous eggs are required for IVF and FSH is administered by injection to cause the development of multiple follicles, each of which contains an egg. IVF cycles are controlled by the infertility specialist using various fertility drugs such as FSH, Lupron/Antagon, hCG, and others.
Patients are monitored throughout the IVF cycle using ultrasound and estradiol hormone measurements. Once the eggs mature, they are retrieved from the ovaries using transvaginal guided ultrasound under light sedation.
After retrieval, the eggs are combined with the husbands sperm and fertilization occurs. In some cases of male infertility, a single sperm is injected directly into each egg using ICSI. When appropriate, other procedures such as assisted hatching or PGD may be employed.
PGD is a valuable tool for screening genetic diseases. Many genetic abnormalities can be identified in the embryo and when found, the embryos are not transferred to the mother. PGD is also a very effective means of gender selection or family balancing.
After fertilization, the eggs are placed in incubators which have exacting environmental controls. The embryos are incubated for 3-5 days until maturity. Five day old embryos have usually developed to the blastocyst stage.
Once the embryos mature, they are transferred to the uterus in a painless procedure at our office. Patients are advised to return for a pregnancy test in two weeks.
In some cases, it is necessary to use eggs from an egg donor. Our Donor Egg Website contains extensive information about donor egg IVF and egg freezing.